Denoby example

Beginner

cli

# Path operations

Many applications need to manipulate file paths in one way or another. The Deno standard library provides simple utilities for this.

First we will import the module from the Deno standard library
import * as path from "https://deno.land/std@0.175.0/path/mod.ts";
Converting from a file url to a directory can be done simply by the fromFileUrl method from the appropriate implementation.
const p1 = path.posix.fromFileUrl("file:///home/foo");
const p2 = path.win32.fromFileUrl("file:///home/foo");
console.log(Path 1: ${p1} Path 2:${p2});
We can also choose to not specify and automatically use whatever Deno is running on
const p3 = path.fromFileUrl("file:///home/foo");
console.log(Path on current OS: \${p3});
We can get the last part of a file path using the basename method
const p = path.basename("./deno/is/awesome/mod.ts");
console.log(p); // mod.ts
We can get the directory of a file path using the dirname method
const base = path.dirname("./deno/is/awesome/mod.ts");
console.log(base); // ./deno/is/awesome
We can get the extension of a file path using the extname method
const ext = path.extname("./deno/is/awesome/mod.ts");
console.log(ext); // .ts
We can format a path using a FormatInputPathObject
const formatPath = path.format({
root: "/",
dir: "/home/user/dir",
ext: ".html",
name: "index",
});
console.log(formatPath); // "/home/user/dir/index.html"
When we want to make our code cross-platform, we can use the join method. This joins any number of string by the OS-specific file seperator. On Mac OS this would be foo/bar. On windows, this would be foo\bar.
const joinPath = path.join("foo", "bar");
console.log(joinPath);
We can get the current working directory using the built-in cwd method
const current = Deno.cwd();
console.log(current);

Run this example locally using the Deno CLI:

deno run --allow-read https://examples.deno.land/path-operations.ts

Additional resources: