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HTTP Server: Routing

An example of a HTTP server that handles requests with different responses based on the incoming URL.

Import the http server from std/http.
import { serve } from "https://deno.land/std@0.114.0/http/server.ts";
URL patterns can be used to match request URLs. They can contain named groups that can be used to extract parts of the URL, e.g. the book ID.
const BOOK_ROUTE = new URLPattern({ pathname: "/books/:id" });

function handler(req: Request): Response {
Match the incoming request against the URL patterns.
  const match = BOOK_ROUTE.exec(req.url);
If there is a match, extract the book ID and return a response.
  if (match) {
    const id = match.pathname.groups.id;
    return new Response(`Book ${id}`);
  }
If there is no match, return a 404 response.
  return new Response("Not found (try /books/1)", {
    status: 404,
  });
}
To start the server on the default port, call `serve` with the handler.
console.log("Listening on http://localhost:8000");
serve(handler);

Run this example locally using the Deno CLI:

deno run --allow-net https://examples.deno.land/http-server-routing.ts

Try this example in a Deno Deploy playground: